A Look Back at Louveciennes


This is a collection of material about Louveciennes, which was home to the American School of Paris between 1959 and 1967. It has been assembled by an ASP alum who enjoyed the final five years there.

Anyone who would like to add recollections, information or pictures to this page, please contact the editor by clicking here:
dpendery@hmfh.com

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Last changed April1, 2008 24, 2006:
Description of the history of the Pavillon de Musique (in French)

Previous changes:
Antique postcards from the Internet added
Vigée Le Brun memoirs of Mme Du Barry
New Postcards Added
New photos added toThe pavillon Du Barry before Coty's renovation
Added Antique Postcards of Louveciennes Added Madame du Barry bio link.
Added Thomas Jefferson quote.
Added Mme Du Barry Portraits
Added Machine de Marly Annotated Site Plan
The Fragonard Paintings
Louis XV and Mme Du Barry


[This drawing of the Pavillon once belonged to King George III and is now in the British Museum]

"The chief interest at Louveciennes is the small freestanding pleasure pavilion commissioned in the late 18th century by Mme du Barry, Louis XV's last mistress. But even in this "folly" the emerging mood of reform expressed itself through the almost Platonic purity of the Neoclassical design prepared by Claude-Nicholas Ledoux. Devoid of Rococo classicism's curvilinear graces and soft, decorative transitions, the Louveciennes pavilion is little more than a crisply articulated, oblong box. A simple balustrade, rather than a pediment, crowns the central bay; thus, hardly a diagonal or an arabesque obtrudes within a realm derived directly from those most primary of forms, the cube and the sphere."
[The top floor, not seen in this illustration, was added during Coty's reconstruction in the 1930's.]



"when Mme du Barry marked the inaugural with a great banquet, the King attended"


From "The Chateaux of France" by Daniel Wheeler, The Vendome Press 1979

[ ed. note: This Aquarelle of Moreau le Jeune, sometimes described as a fete given in honor of the King on December 27, 1771 is actually the inaugural, "embellished with fireworks" which was held September 2, 1771. A play was also staged, La Chasse d'Henri IV, drame de Colle, and a concert at which the musicians apparently complained about having to play up in the little loges, now mirrored over.
It is also interesting to note that Mme Du Barry, pushing the frontiers of furniture as well as architecture and art, has Louis XV seated in a Louis XVI style chair.
The original is in the Cabinet des Dessins du Louvre, no 31 360]

Full text of "Louveciennes" from "The Chateaux of France" by Daniel Wheeler, with photos




Thomas Jefferson was impressed by what he saw at Louveciennes. In a letter to Maria Cosway, written in 1786, he refers to the pavillon of Lucienne and the machine of Marly:
"Oh! my dear friend, how you have revived me by recalling to my mind the transactions of that day! How well I remember them all, & that when I came home at night & looked back to the morning, it seemed to have been a month agone. Go on then, like a kind comforter & paint to me the day we went to St. Germains. How beautiful was every object! the Port de Reuilly, the hills along the Seine, the rainbows of the machine of Marly, the terrace of St. Germains, the chateaux, the gardens, the statues of Marly, the pavillon of Lucienne. Recollect too Madrid, Bagatelle, the King's garden, the Dessert. How grand the idea excited by the remains of such a column! The spiral staircase too was beautiful. Every moment was filled with something agreeable. The wheels of time moved on with a rapidity of which those of our carriage gave but a faint idea. And yet in the evening when one took a retrospect of the day, what a mass of happiness had we travelled over! Retrace all those scenes to me, my good companion, & I will forgive the unkindness with which you were chiding me. The day we went to St. Germains was a little too warm, I think; was it not?"


Portraits of Mme Du Barry by Vigée Le Brun



Mme Elizabeth Vigée Le Brun, a court painter, friend and confidante of Mme. Du Barry, painted these two portraits in 1783 and 1789
Vigée Le Brun memoirs of Mme Du Barry from From: Memoirs of Madame Vigée Lebrun (1903) by Elisabeth Vigée Le Brun (1755-1842); Translated by Lionel Strachey



The pavillon Du Barry before Coty's renovation

A selection of photos from the 1920's, before the building was rebuilt.

Description of the history of the Pavillon de Musique (in French)




Louis XV and Mme Du Barry: Did he have "plans" to "shack-up" with her at Louveciennes???



Excerpts from La Caisse Nationale des Monuments Historiques dossier about the Louveciennes estate from their online database(in French)


Le Phare 1966 Yearbook Essay about the Pavillon Du Barry



The Du Barry Desecration

In February of 1996, the New York Times printed a story about The Chateau in Louveciennes which had belonged to Louis XV's mistress, Madame Dubarry, and how it had been stripped and left in ruins. Many ASP people heard of the story, and feared the worst for old school building. As it turns out, it was about the building next door, the "Chateau Du Barry", not the Pavillon Dubarry. Here are the details, photos of the stolen goods from the diningroom...
And maybe a happy ending...


The Ledoux Etchings



Here are the original architectural drawings for the pavillon Du Barry, as prepared by Ledoux in 1770.

The Fragonard Paintings



The most famous of Mme. Du Barry's artistic commissions for her pavillon were four paintings by Fragonard. They didn't last long at Louveciennes, but are easily seen today...

Photos


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Impressionist painters at Louveciennes et Environs


La Machine de Marly

The famous pump that King Louis XIV built on the Seine to supply water to his fountains at Versailles was considered a wonder of the world at the time, both for its complexity and the incredible noise it made. It was said to have kept Mme. Du Barry and her guests awake at night.

Antique Postcards of Louveciennes

A collection of postcards from quartier of rue de la Machine.

Reference Sources


This page is still under construction!
Please visit again for more photos, historical info and reminiscences of Louveciennes.


Posted by David Pendery, ASP Class of 1968
Please let me know you visited this page by clicking here: dpendery@hmfh.com